HIV is an abbreviation for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is a virus that attacks certain immune system cells. When the virus enters the body it breaks down parts of the body’s defence mechanism that usually fight bacteria, viral and fungal infections.

scheduleOppdatert: 23.03.2018

createForfatter: Sekretariatet


HIV is found in the bodily fluids of an infected person. The fluids that contain enough viruses to transmit infection are blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. Other bodily fluids (sweat, tears, saliva and urine) contain negligible amounts of virus and involve virtually no risk of infection.

HIV is diagnosed by a blood test. An HIV infection can be detected as early as 1–2 weeks after being in a situation that posed a risk for infection. In some cases, it may take longer to detect an infection, and anyone who has been at risk of infection should be monitored for up to 12 weeks to confirm the test result.

There is no cure for HIV, the treatment is lifelong. There are a number of different registered HIV medicines and new ones are in development. Progress in recent years has meant that fewer tablets and fewer doses need to be taken daily. HIV treatment consists of combination therapy with multiple medications.

A person who is properly treated for HIV, will have such a small amount of detectable virus in their body that it cannot be measured, and they cannot infect other people with HIV.

​AIDS is an abbreviation for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. A syndrome is diagnosed on the basis of a set number from a pre-determined list of symptoms and diseases occurring simultaneously. There are some differences between countries as to what makes an AIDS diagnosis.

For more detailed information about HIV, how it is transmitted and treated visit helsenorge.no.

Below you will find links to further readings about HIV and Aids in English. Please remember that we cannot necessarily endorse external web sites over which we have no control.

The Global Network of People living with HIV and Aids (GNP+) is the only worldwide network representing all people living with HIV and Aids. As a network based on emancipation and self-determination, GNP+ nurtures the development of six fully independent regional networks of people living with HIV covering Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, Latin America and North America.

The Body is a US based web site whose mission is to use the Web to lower barriers between patients and clinicians and to demystify HIV/AIDS and its treatment. It also aims to improve patients‘ quality of life and foster community through human connection.

Gay.com is a US based web site that targets the LGBTQ+ community. Their pages are updated on news about HIV, treatment and medicine.

Unaids is the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/Aids, bringing together the efforts and resources of ten UN system organizations to the global AIDS response.

World Aids Day is held on the 1st of December each year and is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, show their support for people living with HIV and to commemorate people who have died. World AIDS Day was the first ever global health day and the first one was held in 1988.

International Aids Society (IAS) is a worldwide force of professionals working together to prevent, control and treat HIV/Aids. The next IAS conference takes place in July 2017 in Paris, France.

AIDS 2016 The convening of the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, Australia, in July 2016 represented a tremendous opportunity to highlight the diverse nature of the African region’s HIV epidemic and the unique responses to it, building on the momentum of recent scientific advances and the momentum from AIDS 2014.

Global Advocacy for HIV Prevention (AVAC) is an international advocacy organization focused in using research and effective implementation of HIV prevention options to have a decisive impact on rates of HIV infections and deaths—with the ultimate goal of ending epidemic conditions worldwide.

IAVI is an international non-profit organization working to accelerate the development of preventive AIDS vaccines and assure that they will be available worldwide.

Aids Action Europe is a pan-European partnership of non-governmental organisations (NGOs). We aim to create a more effective response to the HIV and Aids epidemics in Europe and its neighbours.

Code of Good Practice was developed by NGOs, for NGOs, to help guide our work by providing a framework to which we can commit and be held accountable.

AIDS & Mobility Europe (A&M) is a network for the support of European organisations that provide HIV/Aids prevention and care to mobile and migrant populations. A&M pays special attention to young migrant people.

The Global Commission on HIV and the Law focuses on some of the most challenging legal and human rights issues in the context of HIV, including criminalisation of HIV transmission, behaviours and practices such as drug use, sex work, same-sex sexual relations, and issues of prisoners, migrants, children’s rights, violence against women and access to treatment. The Global Commission on HIV and the Law also develops actionable, evidence-informed and human rights-based recommendations for effective HIV responses that protect and promote the human rights of people living with and most vulnerable to HIV.

This is not a complete collection of web-resources, so please feel free to recommend pages you think should be here. Please contact us if any of the links do not work.

Les også


→ Råd og informasjon om koronaviruset

Hvordan smitter det og hvordan forebygger man smitte? Hvar er symptomene på korona? Hva gjør man hvis man mistenker at man har blitt smittet?


→ Infeksjonsmedisinsk poliklinikk ved OUS stenger

Infeksjonsmedisinsk poliklinikk på Ullevål stenger nå for alle hivpasienter. Dersom du skulle fornye din resept på planlagt kontroll vil dette nå skje automatisk uten at du møter opp. Resepter kan fornyes via Min Journal på www.helsenorge.no ved behov.


→ Gradually opening of the outpatient clinic at Ullevål

The outpatient clinic for infectious diseases at OUS is now open for blood tests prior to your consultation, for anyone with an appointment from week 22 onwards. Some patients will have the option of going to the clinic for their consultation.


→ La policlinica de enfermedades infecciosas en Ullevål reabre sucesivamente

La policlinica de enfermedades infecciosas de Ullevål permite que las personas que tienen su consulta desde la semana numero 22 se presente para pruebas de sangre antes de la consulta. A muchos pacientes tambien se ofrece una consulta normal con su medico.

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